Considered to be the number one urban team sport in the world*,
3x3 basketball is increasingly becoming a key motor for the
development of basketball.
One of the biggest strengths of
3x3 is its simplicity both in terms of rules and in terms of
required facilities, allowing it to be held in the most
spectacular settings, using iconic landmarks as backdrops.
Beyond ensuring a sustained growth in the number of basketball
players, FIBA has created a worldwide sports community through a
network of hundreds of organisers, thousands of tournaments and
millions of players. The online community 3x3planet.com
interconnects all of these thanks to the latest digital
Members of 3x3Planet can interact using their
computers or mobile phones via the Mobile App that allows them to
team-up and organise pick-up games with other players nearby,
register for tournaments and record results of their games.
Points accumulated result in the main indicator of how good an
individual player is the Ranking.
The more ballers play,
the better their chances are of improving this indicator,
increasing the number of games played on the courts and
playgrounds everywhere, and absorbing an ever-growing number of
A global network of open
tournaments, from grassroots to the FIBA 3x3 World Tour, and
National Team FIBA 3x3 World Championships are at the forefront of
the development of 3x3 basketball, with the discipline already
setting its sights on gaining Olympic status.
information, please contact email@example.com.
History: the birth of 3x3 basketball
The beginning of
FIBA's intensified focus on 3x3 basketball came in 2007, when FIBA
decided it would experiment with an alternative form of the sport
at the 2010 Youth Olympic Games (YOG) in Singapore.
Examined in February 2007 by FIBA's Youth Basketball Commission
and International Competitions Commission, 3x3 basketball was
recommended to the FIBA Central Board as the format of play for
the 2010 YOG, and approved in December 2007.
It was chosen
because it is a sport with a young, urban and positive image, as
well as for its universality and for the limited infrastructure
and equipment required to play. Accordingly, 3x3 basketball was
identified as a potential catalyst for the development of the
sport of basketball worldwide.
In the lead up to Singapore,
FIBA worked intensively on putting in place a unified and adapted
set of rules for 3x3 basketball, while also examining the
possibility of further international 3x3 tournaments as well as a
3x3 made its first appearance on the
international stage at the 2010 YOG and was labelled as "the
hottest ticket in town".
In September 2010, the FIBA World
Congress in Istanbul was provided with an in- depth presentation
of the discipline and FIBA's ambitions for the further development
of 3x3 basketball, which included it becoming an Olympic
A set of objectives and recommendations from a
specially set-up 3x3 working group were combined to form a roadmap
for the further development of 3x3 basketball. Thisincluded an
improved set of rules as well as a technology driven strategy
centring on a worldwide network of competitions and an online
community of players. Participation and performances would result
in an individual ranking, with players able to switch freely
between teams from one tournament to another.
was approved by FIBA's Central Board during their meeting in Lyon
on 13 March 2011, and the go ahead also resulted in and a test
phase held over the summer of 2011, during which FIBA collaborated
on large number of 3x3 tournaments, gathering data and feedback.
Another important milestone was reached in September 2011,
with the first ever FIBA 3x3 U18 World Championship for boys and
girls being held in the Italian seaside resort of Rimini.
The final pieces were put in place in December 2011, with FIBA's
Central Board giving a further green light to an international
calendar of competitions, beginning in 2012 and including the FIBA
3x3 World Championships and the FIBA 3x3 World Tour, the flagship
events of a worldwide integrated Competition Network.
launch of the player community and tournament network platform
3x3Planet in June 2012, completed the first chapter of the story
of 3x3 basketball.
Welcome to the 3x3 Questions & Answers page. Here you will find a
selection of the most common 3x3 related questions.
the following section not provide you with the information you are
looking for, please contact
FIBA & 3x3:
Why is FIBA embracing 3x3 basketball?
basketball is already today the number one urban team sport in the
In line with FIBA's vision to make basketball the
most popular sports community in the world, FIBA is embracing 3x3
with the aim of further promoting, uniting and developing the game
FIBA believes that 3x3 presents an excellent
opportunity to attract new people to basketball and to raise
awareness that everyone can play basketball, anywhere in the
Embracing an additional stand-alone discipline
offers the opportunity to extend the reach of participating or
hosting countries in international competitions.
to an IOC-commissionned study
What's FIBA's vision for 3x3 basketball?
Establish a pro FIBA 3x3 World Tour that allows 3x3 stars to make
a living out of 3x3. Create the largest sports community in the
world by having all 3x3 events worldwide included on
When does FIBA expect 3x3 to be part of the Olympic
FIBA has officially requested IOC to
include 3x3 in the Olympic Programme and is aiming for 3x3
basketball to get Olympic status at the very first opportunity..
here to find out about FIBA's roadmap for the
development of 3x3 basketball.
Is 3x3 being introduced in other international
Yes. 3x3 is part of the Youth
Olympic Programme since 2010. There are regular 3x3 World
Championships; every two years (on even years) for men and women,
whilst annually for U18 category . In addition, there is a yearly,
city-based FIBA 3x3 World Tour since 2012.
basketball is played at
FISU's World University Championships as well
as other multi-sports events.
What is FIBA's Competition Network?
integrated Competition Network comprises of all FIBA-endorsed
events, from standalone events to the qualifiers and Masters of
the FIBA 3x3 World Tour.
What is a FIBA-endorsed event?
can be endorsed. The requirements are that the organiser:
Uses the FIBA 3x3 rules
Uses the freeware EventMaker for the
management of the tournament,including the upload of results
Ensures that all participating players are registered on
Grants FIBA royalty-free licence to amend, use
and distribute footage and photographs of the event
What competition format can be endorsed by FIBA ?
The classic format to be in place is round robins followed by
a knock-out phase, leading to a final game; standings are
calculated to force rank all the participating teams. Additional
formats such as single elimination bracket may also be approved at
What is the minimum number of teams
The minimum number of teams is
four in the classic format and eight in single elimination.
Are there specific scoresheets available for 3x3
Yes, scoresheets are used to keep
track of the scoring within a game while, once the game ends,
results are managed electronically by EventMaker, which is
available for for download on 3x3planet.com.
What's the time
slot to be allocated when playing full or basic rules?
Practice shows that a 10 minutes game can be played within a 20
What is a 3x3 Tour?
A 3x3 Tour is a series
of at least three FIBA-endorsed events tournaments linked together
with the last one being the final. There can be more than one 3x3
tour in any given country.
Competition Management Tools:
What is EventMaker
and how can I have access to it?
EventMaker is the official tournament management tool for all FIBA
endorsed 3x3 events and is available for download. The Event Maker
comes with a video tutorial, while FIBA is also willing to provide
demonstration of the tool. Its use is mandatory to become a
How many computers have to be
used to run the Event Maker competition management tool?
One computer is enough to register players, team and set the
competition up. Should the stadium scoring feature be used - one
computer per court is needed.
here for more information about EventMaker.
Can EventMaker be downloaded on any computer? Mac &
EventMaker only runs on Windows. Though
it may be considered as cumbersome, Windows also operates on Mac.
I heard about webinars which consist of an online training for
tournament organisers who will be using the EventMaker competition
management tool. How can I take part in one?
a comprehensive EventMaker training, which will allow you to
manage your competition on your own. Contact firstname.lastname@example.org to
enquire about the next one and you'll receive video and audio
access codes to take part in the webinar.
3x3Planet and ranking:
platform 3x3planet.com is a basketball community website that
allows players to track their results of all their games including
pick-up games and compare with friends and opponents. A
personalized dashboard includes ranking providing players with a
beyond-the-court experience. In addition, it will notify the
player about upcoming 'geo-relevant' tournaments.
here to visit
What are the
basic principles behind the FIBA 3x3 ranking?
Ranking is an indicator central to FIBA's ranking system.
"The Ranking is a player's individual position among registered
3x3planet.com players based on points won at FIBA endorsed
competitions and pick-up games. A complete explanation is
available on the Ranking page of the 3x3 Hub".
What is the official surface for 3x3 basketball?
There is no mandatory surface for 3x3 basketball; a tournament
can take place on concrete, asphalt, existing or temporary courts.
Playability and player safety are key components when choosing a
What is the size of a 3x3 court?
The official court size is 15 meters in width and 11 in
length long with 1.5 meter boundaries. The court markings for the
key and three-point lines are the same as on a standard court.
Accordingly, a standard basketball court falls within the
recommended dimensions and allows two 3x3 games to be played
Where can equipment (backstops, hoops, outdoor
shot-clocks, scoreboards) be purchased/ordered?
Study Centre has recently extended its activities to include
equipment specifically designed for 3x3 basketball.
more information about equipment for 3x3 basketball, download the
FIBA Outdoor Equipment manual.
Sport Court, Schelde and
Wilson are the official supplier of courts, backstop units and
balls for FIBA 3x3 official competitions respectively.
Eligibility & Teams:
What are the age groups or categories?
While FIBA only organises 3x3 tournaments for open and U18 age
categories, FIBA recommends dividing players into the following
age categories: U13, U15, U18, open (or "senior") and over-30s.
What is the maximum number of players per team in a
Teams are composed of three players,
plus one possible substitute. Accordingly, the maximum number of
players is four.
How are teams put together or
A team is composed of a group of
friends, team-mates, co-workers, etc. For nationality-based
competition (such as the FIBA 3x3 World Championships, the Youth
Olympic Games, etc.), each National Federation is responsible for
selecting the team. However, only players having previously
participated in at least two FIBA- endorsed events in the previous
12 months are eligible. In any case national team players must be
registered on 3x3planet.com.
How are players chosen
to the national team?
Player selection for
national team is a national federation prerogative and has to
follow any of the following two models:
whereas the winner of the trial becomes the national team
Direct appointment of 4 players, subject to minimum 2 players
being in the top 10 ranked nationals in the corresponding category
(men, women, U18 men, U18 women).
foreseen in the teams?
No, coaching is not allowed
during the competitions. However, coaches or trainers are welcome
in preparation to a competition or to increase the skill level of
Is there a specific ball for 3x3?
Yes, FIBA partnered with Wilson to develop a specific FIBA 3x3
ball. Read our press release on the launch of the new ball. Go to
Wilson's official website to
purchase the ball.